Soft tissue injuries are injuries related to the Scar Tissues of the body (muscle, tendon, ligament and nerve). Scar tissue forms to replace normal tissue that has been damaged due to injury. Skin scars are easier understood due to their visibility. Soft tissue scaring and its specific diagnosis can be made by our team of highly skilled Physiotherapists. They will determine what structure is involved and how advanced or severe the sprain, strain or tear is which will help guide your treatment and hopefully speed up recovery.
Types Of Skin Scars
- Atrophic Scars - sunken down into skin. Often seen with acne scars or with wounds where skin or muscle has been removed.
- Hypertrophic Scars - Usually red, purple and slightly raised above the skin. They generally fade and flatten over time.
- Contracture Scars - Often happen due to burns and pull the skin in towards the injury site.
- Keloid Scars - Elevated, red or dark scars that form when the body produces too much collagen in the scar.
- Stretch Scars
Soft Tissue Scarring
‘Scar tissue’ is commonly described as the formation of weak tissue at the site of injury. Scar tissue forms two different ways.
1. If a muscle, tendon or ligament is torn or damaged, the body creates scar tissue to bind the torn pieces together.
2. The most common way for scar tissue to form is by soft tissue not receiving enough oxygen (hypoxia). Poor posture, repetitive actions, sustained pressure (sitting) all result in increased muscle tension. Increased muscle tension can result in reduced blood supply which means less oxygen. Hypoxia leads to the formation of scar tissue which can affect muscle length, strength and pain.
This is an area of expertise for physiotherapists and encompasses the whole body. Once a diagnosis is made, specific treatment advice can be given.
Soft tissue injuries are seen in our clinics every day so our physiotherapy team are extremely experienced in treating soft tissue injuries.