Spondylosis is a type of Osteoarthritis of the spine. When the low back area is affected, it is known as “lumbar spondylosis” and when affecting the neck area, it is known as “cervical spondylosis”. It is thought to be mainly a problem of “wear and tear” or ageing . When it occurs in the younger age groups, it is usually associated with injury or previous damage to the joint. Certain occupations may also make a person more prone to the condition.
Often people with clinical signs of spondylosis on x-ray do not suffer from symptoms. 27% - 37% of people with lumbar spine spondylosis do not experience symptoms. In some cases, spondylosis can cause back pain and neck pain due to compression or pinching of nerves in the area. Bulging intervertebral discs and bone spurs can cause nerve compression due to narrowing of the holes in which the nerves exit (foraminal stenosis). Symptom location depends on where your spine is affected by this condition. Common symptoms are:
- Pain that comes and goes
- Morning stiffness
- Weakness, numbness or tingling.
- Bowel or bladder problems (This is rare but if experienced you should go straight to hospital).
Conservative treatment is successful 75% of the time. Many patients find their pain and other symptoms can be effectively treated without surgery.
During the acute phase, anti-inflammatory agents, analgesics, and muscle relaxants may be prescribed for a short period of time.
In Physiotherapy, heat therapy, manipulation and mobilisation and other modalities may be incorporated into the treatment plan to control muscle spasm and pain. Strengthening exercises for the lumbar and abdominal will be given as part of a long term management plan.
Our Physiotherapists have a great deal of specific clinical experience in the management of spinal problems.
Our highly skilled Physiotherapists will design an exercise and movement programme to strengthen the surrounding muscles. It is important that we exercise the right muscles. In the case of spondylosis, the muscles specifically supporting the spine or primary core stability muscles. .
Our Physiotherapists will use a variety of evidence based therapies and treatments to help reduce your pain and get you back on your feet as quickly as possible.